Index of Governance and Public Policy in Disaster Risk Management
It quantifies the documented existence of legal, institutional and budgetary conditions that are considered fundamental for the effective implementation of public policies on Disaster Risk Management in each country. The iGOPP makes it possible to identify the content of public policy reforms in Disaster Risk Management based on international best practices at the governance level for disaster risk management.
The value of iGOPP varies between 0% (minimum) and 100% (maximum). The higher the iGOPP, the country has better governance conditions to implement a public policy on Disaster Risk Management.
Disaster Deficit Index
The Disaster Deficit Index (DDI) measures the relationship between the economic loss that the country could suffer in the case of a catastrophic event and the resources that the country needs to address and recover from the emergency.
A DDI greater than 1 means the government's lack of financial resources to deal with large-scale disasters, even when it maximizes its debt. The higher the DDI, the larger the deficit.
Local Disaster Index
The Local Disaster Index, LDI, measures the geographical distribution of the effects of small-scale or local disasters. The LDI consists of three indicators: deceased persons, people affected and economic losses in each municipality of the country. The LDI score ranges from 0 to 100.
A lower LDI value (0-20) means high concentration of small-scale disasters in few municipalities, and higher values (over 50) indicate that most municipalities in the country are suffering small-scale disasters.
Prevalent Vulnerability Index
The Prevalent Vulnerability Index, PVI, characterizes the country's prevailing vulnerability conditions in terms of exposure in prone areas, socio-economic fragility and lack of resilience; these aspects favor the direct physical impact and the indirect and intangible impact in case of a threatening phenomenon.
The PVI score varies from 0 to 100, being over 80 a very high vulnerability, 40 to 80 a high vulnerability, 20 to 40 an average score, and less than 20 a low vulnerability.
Risk Management Index
The Risk Management Index, RMI, measures a country’s performance in Disaster Risk Management. The RMI has four components: Risk Identification (RI); Risk Reduction (RR); Disaster Management (DM); and Financial Protection (FP).
The value of the RMI ranges between 0 and 100, with 0 being the lowest performance score and 100 being the highest. Higher RMI scores mean better disaster risk management performance of the country.
Select the country, countries or regions you would like to compare
Components Select Components to Compare
General Framework of Governance for DRM
This refers to the regulatory foundation suitable for the organization and coordination of DRM in each country, the availability of resources, and the establishment of adequate data and citizen participation mechanisms, as well as mechanisms for the monitoring and evaluation of DRM.
Risk Identification and Knowledge
It refers to the existence of a regulatory, institutional and budgetary framework that facilitates the continuous development of risk analysis, a tool that makes it possible to identify risk factors and causes and evaluate the probable damages and losses to be caused by natural events.
It refers to the existence of a regulatory, institutional and budgetary framework that enables the timely and appropriate intervention in the causes that generate the conditions of vulnerability.
It refers to the existence of a regulatory, institutional and budgetary framework that enables the implementation of mechanisms for a quick and appropriate response to an event or imminent event of an emergency situation.
It refers to the existence of a regulatory, institutional and budgetary framework that enables the implementation of mechanisms to reestablish livelihoods, basic services and infrastructure in such a way that reduces the improvisation, inefficiency and ineffectiveness in the post disaster recovery processes.
It refers to the existence of a regulatory, institutional and budgetary framework that enables the design and implementation of a suitable structure for the retention and transfer of disaster risk.
Refers to the assessment of feasible hazards, of the different aspects of society's vulnerability to these hazards and its estimation as a situation of different possible consequences in a defined exposure time.
Corresponds to the implementation of structural and non-structural prevention-mitigation measures. It is the action of anticipating in order to avoid or diminish the economic, social and environmental impact of potentially dangerous phenomena. It implies planning processes, but fundamentally the implementation of measures that modify risk conditions through corrective and prospective intervention of existing or vulnerability factors, and control of hazards, when that is feasible.
Corresponds to the appropriate response and post-disaster recovery, which depends on the level of preparedness of the operating institutions and the community. It aims to respond effectively and efficiently when the risk has already materialized and it has not been possible to prevent the impact of dangerous phenomena. Its effectiveness implies a real organization, capacity and operational planning of institutions and the various social actors involved in case of disaster.
It involves the adequate allocation and use of financial resources for the disaster management and implementation of appropriate strategies for the retention and transfer of losses associated with disasters.
Number of affected persons according to DesInventar Database
Number of deaths according to DesInventar Database
Economic Losses according to DesInventar Database
Reflects the susceptibility by the degree of physical exposure of goods and people, which favors the direct impact in case of hazardous events.
Measures the conditions of social and economic fragility that favor the indirect and intangible impact in case of hazardous event.
Measures the lack of capacity to anticipate, to absorb the consequences, respond efficiently and recover in case of hazardous events