Index of Governance and Public Policy in Disaster Risk Management
It quantifies the formal, documented existence of a series of legal, institutional and budgetary conditions that are considered fundamental for the effective implementation of public policies on Disaster Risk Management in each country. The IGOPP helps identify areas of opportunity with respect to public policy in Disaster Risk Management based on international best practices at the governance level.
The value of IGOPP varies between 0% (minimum) and 100% (maximum). A higher IGOPP reflects that a country has better governance conditions to implement public policies in disaster risk management.
Disaster Deficit Index
The Disaster Deficit Index (DDI) evaluates the relationship between the economic losses that a country may suffer as a result of a catastrophic event and the resources that such country would need for emergency response and recovery.
A DDI greater than 1 implies a government's lack of financial resources to tackle large-scale disasters, even when it maximizes its debt. The higher the DDI, the larger the deficit.
Local Disaster Index
The Local Disaster Index, LDI, is an index that represents the propensity of a country to experience small-scale disasters and their cumulative impact on local development. The index attempts to represent the spatial variability and dispersion of risk in a country resulting from small and recurrent events. This approach is concerned with the national significance of recurrent small-scale events that rarely enter international, or even national, disaster databases, but which pose a serious and cumulative development problem for local areas and, more than likely, also for the country as a whole.
The LDI captures simultaneously the incidence and uniformity of the distribution of local effects. That is, it accounts for the relative weight and persistence of the effects attributable to phenomena that give rise to municipal scale disasters.
A low LDI value (0-20) means a high concentration of small disasters in few municipalities and a low spatial distribution of their effects between the municipalities where they have taken place. Medium LDI values (20- 50) shows a small disaster concentration and distribution of their effects are intermediate; high LDI values (from 50 onward) indicate that the majority of municipalities suffer small disasters and their effects are similar in all affected municipalities. High values reflect vulnerability and hazards are generalized in the territory.
Prevalent Vulnerability Index
The Prevalent Vulnerability Index, PVI, characterizes a country's existing vulnerability conditions in terms of exposure in disaster-prone areas, socio-economic fragility and limited resilience capacity. These items provide a measure of direct as well as indirect and intangible impacts of hazards.
The PVI score varies from 0 to 100. A value over 80 reflects very high levels of vulnerability; a score between 40 and 80 indicates high levels of vulnerability; a value between 20 to 40 specifies average levels of vulnerability, while a score of 20 or lower shows low levels of vulnerability.
Risk Management Index
The Risk Management Index, RMI, evaluates a country’s performance in disaster risk management. The RMI comprises four components: Risk Identification (RI); Risk Reduction (RR); Disaster Management (DM); and Financial Protection (FP).
The RMI score ranges between 0 and 100, where 0 represents the lowest performance score and 100 is the highest attainable score. The higher the RMI score, the better the disaster risk management performance of a country.
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Public policy phases
|1. Inclusion in the government agenda, formulation and public policy decisions||2. Policy Implementation||3. Policy Evaluation|
|Central Policy Coordination and Articulation||Definition of Sectorial Responsibilities||Definition of Territorial Responsibilities||Evidence of Progress in Implementation||Monitoring, Accountability and Participation|
|General framework of Governance for DRM (GF)||GF-1A||GF-1B||GF-1C||GF-2||GF-3|
|Risk Identification and Knowledge (RI)||RI-1A||RI-1B||RI-1C||RI-2||RI-3|
|Risk Reduction (RR)||RR-1A||RR-1B||RR-1C||RR-2||RR-3|
|Disaster Preparedness (DP)||DP-1A||DP-1B||DP-1C||DP-2||DP-3|
|Recovery Planning (RC)||RC-1A||RC-1B||RC-1C||RC-2||RC-3|
|Financial Protection (FP)||FP-1A||FP-1B||FP-1C||FP-2||FP-3|
|Component||General framework of Governance for DRM (GF)||Risk Identification and Knowledge (RI)||Risk Reduction (RR)||Disaster Preparedness (DP)||Recovery Planning (RC)||Financial Protection (FP)|
|Phases||Central Policy Coordination and Articulation (1A)||Definition of Sectorial Responsibilities (1B)||Definition of Territorial Responsibilities (1C)||Evidence of Progress in Implementation (2)||Monitoring, Accountability and Participation (3)|
Components Select components to compare
General Framework of Governance for DRM
This refers to the appropriate regulatory basis for the organization and coordination of DRM in each country, the availability of resources to implement DRM processes, and the establishment of adequate data and citizen participation mechanisms, as well as monitoring and evaluation processes for DRM.
Risk Identification and Knowledge
It refers to the existence of regulatory, institutional and budgetary frameworks that facilitate the continued development of risk analysis in order to identify risk factors and causes and evaluate probable damages and losses caused by natural events.
It refers to the existence of regulatory, institutional and budgetary frameworks that enable the timely and appropriate intervention to mitigate the causes that generate vulnerability conditions.
It refers to the existence of regulatory, institutional and budgetary frameworks that enable the implementation of mechanisms aimed at a quick and appropriate response in the event of an emergency situation, imminent or otherwise.
It refers to the existence of regulatory, institutional and budgetary frameworks that enable the implementation of mechanisms aimed at reestablishing livelihoods, basic services and infrastructure so that improvisation, inefficiencies and ineffectiveness in post-disaster recovery processes be reduced.
It refers to the existence of regulatory, institutional and budgetary frameworks that enable the design and implementation of appropriate structures for the retention and transfer of disaster risk.
This component assesses the capacity to systematically identify risks and objectively evaluate their impact based on an understanding of a society's various vulnerabilities
This component measures the level of implementation of structural and nonstructural risk prevention and mitigation measures. It implies a process of anticipating potential sources of risk, putting into practice procedures to either avoid hazard, when it is possible, or reduce the economic, social and environmental impacts through corrective and prospective interventions of existing and future vulnerability conditions.
This component corresponds to the appropriate post-disaster response and recovery, which depend on the level of preparedness of the operating institutions and the community. Disaster management aims to respond effectively once the risk has already materialized and it has not been possible to prevent the impact of dangerous phenomena. Its effectiveness implies a tangible organization, capacity and operational planning of institutions and the various stakeholders involved in the event of a disaster.
This component evaluates the adequate allocation and use of financial resources for disaster management as well as the implementation of appropriate strategies for the retention and transfer of disaster-related losses.
Total affected people, extracted from the DesInventar database
Total of deaths, extracted from the DesInventar database
Total economic losses, extracted from the DesInventar database
It reflects a country’s susceptibility to dangerous events, whatever their nature or severity.
It reflects a country’s predisposition for adverse social and economic impacts in the face of dangerous phenomena, regardless of their nature or intensity.
It reflects the capacity to recover from or absorb the impact of dangerous phenomena, whatever their nature and severity.